5 edition of Environmental Decisions in the Face of Uncertainty found in the catalog.
|Statement||National Academies Press|
|Publishers||National Academies Press|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xvi, 105 p. :|
|Number of Pages||40|
nodata File Size: 3MB.
An awareness of the possible biases within EPA and when they occur would be a first step toward identifying biases and helping decrease the possibility that such biases influence the interpretation and presentation of scientific evidence. For instance, when Brian Cornell took over as CEO of Target last year, he inherited. Pew Research Center for the People and the Press. Improving communication of uncertainty in the reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
Recognizing and accommodating these changes provides the opportunity to increase decision making effectiveness. Environmental Protection Agency EPA decision documents and other communications to the public should systematically• the population exposed to the products consisted of infants and toddlers whose renal systems had not yet been fully developed; and 4.
Furthermore, as discussed below, the characteristics of those with whom EPA is communicating should also affect the strategy for communicating the decision, including the uncertainty in the decision.
The committee includes in the use of that term the whole population and individuals or individual subgroups within the whole population. As can be seen in the table, many organizations have no formal guidance materials related to their decision-making processes, and many do not conduct formal uncertainty analyses.1997; Law et al.
Communicators of information about uncertainty cannot completely eliminate these biases, but they should be aware of the potential for biases to influence the acceptance of and reaction to probabilistic information and, to the extent possible, account for these biases by adjusting communication efforts.
People experience these emotions, particularly separation anxiety, when they move away from homes and loved ones at many stages during life.2000; Kloprogge et al. There is often conflicting evidence about the safety and effectiveness of the interventions. If so, set limits on yourself. Implications of a public smoking ban.
Biases can stem from the characteristics of an individual or group or can be embedded in the framing of a message; both types can influence the interpretation of a message.
natural hazard, industrial risk, infectious disease, social disruption, population susceptibility are common and hinder an unequivocal interpretation of available data.
Kerr and Tindale 2004 , for example, caution that the more homogeneous a group is with respect to knowledge and preferences, the more strongly the knowledge and preferences will affect a group decision.