5 edition of Guidelines for oil and gas operations in polar bear habitats found in the catalog.
Published 1993 by Administrator in U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Minerals Management Service, Alaska OCS Region
Distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.Shipping list no.: 94-0270-M.August 1993.LGL Ecological Research Associates--Cover.This study was funded by the Minerals Management Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington, D.C., under Contract Number 14-35-0001-30572.MMS 93-0008.Includes bibliographical references.Microfiche. [Washington, D.C.?] : Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O.,  2 microfiches : negative.
|Statement||U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Minerals Management Service, Alaska OCS Region|
|Publishers||U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Minerals Management Service, Alaska OCS Region|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xvi, 61 p. :|
|Number of Pages||40|
nodata File Size: 2MB.
Interesting, he says that the surival of the polar bear species is dependent on sea ice. ] I have accepted the science presented to me by the Fish and Wildlife Service and the U.
Walrus meat is often consumed, and the ivory is used to manufacture traditional arts and crafts. We require approval of the monitoring results for continued operation under the LOA.oil and gas exploration and development, and marine and coastal development activities.
We have expanded our analysis in the final rule to include more detail on potential effects due to the pressing issue of climate change and the indirect effects on polar bears and walrus, such as the potential effects of Industry activities on prey species. Modeling polar bear den site selection on Wrangel Island.
[[Page 43949]] By conducting FLIR surveys prior to activities to discern polar bear dens along with verification of these dens by scent-trained dogs, disturbance of even unknown denning females is limited. Aircraft Traffic Routine aircraft traffic should have little to no effect on polar bears; however, extensive or repeated overflights of fixed-wing aircraft or helicopters could disturb polar bears. The geographic distribution of land denning also appears to have shifted westerly in recent years.
Oil and gas development affects polar bears in a variety of ways by polluting the ocean with hydrocarbons, reducing and disturbing their habitat with associated infrastructure and increased maritime traffic. 5 Comment: One commenter recommended that the Service, the applicant, and other available agencies and organizations should develop a broad-based population monitoring and impact assessment program to ensure that these activities, in combination with other risk factors, are not 1 individually or cumulatively having any population-level effects on polar bear and walrus populations, and 2 adversely affecting the availability of these marine mammals for subsistence uses by Alaska natives.
Indeed, two of three bears died in the Canadian experiment, and it was suspected that the ingestion of oil was a contributing factor to the deaths. In that position, he managed a large-scale salmon research program in Southwest Alaska, studied salmon habitat and ecology, and advised a commercial fishery on the population dynamics and run timing of Bristol Bay sockeye salmon.
The Ninth Circuit said that the district court had improperly required that FWS identify specific elements within the designated critical habitat areas that were essential to polar bear conservation and currently in use by polar bears. While these skin lesions have only rarely been found on oiled seals, the effects on walrus may be greater because of a lack of hair to protect the skin.
In summary, we have considered whether the proposed designation would result in a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Industry activity locations will change during the 5-year regulatory period and community concerns regarding the effect on subsistence uses by Industry may arise due to these potential changes in activity location.
Exploratory drilling and associated support activities and features include: Transportation to site; setup of up to 100-person camps and support camps lights, generators, snow removal, water plants, wastewater plants, dining halls, sleeping quarters, mechanical shops, fuel storage, camp moves, landing strips, aircraft support, health and safety facilities, data recording facility and communication equipment ; building gravel pads; building gravel islands with sandbag and concrete block protection; ice islands; ice roads; gravel hauling; gravel mine sites; road building; pipelines; electrical lines; water lines; road maintenance; buildings and facilities; operating heavy equipment; digging trenches; burying and covering pipelines; sea lift; water flood; security operations; dredging; moving floating drill units; helicopter support; and drill ships such as the SDC, CANMAR Explorer III, and the Kulluk.
Sea ice and food availability are two important factors affecting the distribution of polar bears.
In November 2010, the U.