1 edition of New perspectives on noise-induced hearing loss found in the catalog.
Includes bibliographical references and index.Papers presented at a symposium sponsored by National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; held at Cazenovia, N.Y., June 15-18, 1980.
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xvi, 119 p. :|
|Number of Pages||75|
nodata File Size: 9MB.
A variety of counseling strategies exist, from directive to collaborative [,]. Most youth and young adults far exceed this limit on a daily basis. 1 billion have NIHL, mainly from the use of headphones and personal music players or other recreational noise .
; drafting of the manuscript: T. Therefore, the authors reasoned that it would be premature to consider that existing noise exposure permissible under OSHA may result in cochlear neuropathy in humans. Results of animal and human studies are essential to improve our understanding of neural mechanisms underlying the generation of NIHL, and are critical for developing effective treatment and therapies.
However, this approach is still controversial and its value in assessment remains to be demonstrated.
Although the initial generation of the tinnitus signal likely arises in the auditory system, the reactions must involve the limbic system and perhaps other brain areas . Among teenagers and young adults worldwide, about 1. The relationship between psychophysical measures and the discharge patterns of single auditory nerve fibers was examined in regard to the effects of intense noise exposure.
To inform strategies for prevention, a review of the burden of NIHL in New Zealand was undertaken, particularly focusing on the trends in compensation claims and costs, and the associated sociodemographic patterns. While most tinnitus results from NIHL and is accompanied by changes in central auditory pathways, the location of these changes is unclear and controversial. Several recent review studies have emphasized the maladaptive plasticity of NIHL, covering detailed neuronal aspects of triggers of tinnitus, mechanisms underlying generation of tinnitus in the cochlear nucleus after noise-induced deafferentation, likely routes of transmission of tinnitus signals along the ascending nuclei, as well as treatment approaches to reduce the impact of tinnitus on the quality of life of affected individuals [,,].
These observations in animal models suggest that effects of intense noise, whether sudden as in gunshot or over time as in workplace noisemay be reduced or alleviated through supplementation of exogenous antioxidants.
Diffusion tensor imaging of the auditory pathway and of the auditory nerve may be performed in patients with long-term unilateral hearing loss [,]. Two tone inhibition was affected when either tone occurred in a frequency region in which there was a loss of sensitivity. 3Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, China Medical University Hsinchu Hospital, Zhubei City, Hsinchu County 302056, Taiwan Long-term noise exposure often results in noise induced hearing loss NIHL.
Since no treatment can yet reverse noise-related damage completely, preventative strategies and increased awareness of hearing health are essential. Speech perception can present challenges among recipients . The GPIAS test method has been used in animal models to assess tinnitus and is now being tested in humans to indicate the presence of tinnitus .
Five chinchillas were exposed for 5 days to octave band noise centered at either 4 or 0.
The primary areas affected are thoughts and emotions, hearing, concentration, and sleep .
Department of Communication Disorders and Science, Center for Hearing Research, College of Arts and Sciences State University of New York at Buffalo Buffalo USA About this chapter Cite this chapter as: Le Prell C.